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Global warming is real. Climate change is real. So is habitat loss, illegal poaching and the decline of various animal and plant species. The #100speciestosave project focuses on some of the many species that suffer due to human interference. The first step in saving these species (and the planet) is to educate yourself and others. In a random order:
#1 Bluefin Tuna
Overfishing is the chief threat to all varieties of bluefin tuna. The migratory habits of these large fish make it difficult for conservation efforts by any one government to make a significant difference in their overall fate, increasing the difficulty of tuna conservation.
#2 Hammerhead Shark
The Great Hammerhead is listed as Endangered with a decreasing population. Like other sharks around the world, they are under threat from bycatch in commercial fisheries as well as shark-finning, the practice of capturing sharks and removing their fins for commercial purposes.
#3 Gibraltar Campion
The campion can only be found on Gibraltar. In 1992 it was declared extinct but it has since ‘come back from the dead’, after being discovered growing on a nature reserve in 1994. Hearty efforts have since been made to preserve the remaining examples and reintroduce it to other areas.
#4 Humphead Wrasse
Threats include intensive and species-specific removal in the live reef food fish trade, spearfishing at night with SCUBA gear, destructive fishing techniques, including sodium cyanide and dynamite and habitat loss and degradation.
#5 Stellar Sea Lion
Threats to Steller sea lions include contaminants and pollutants, habitat degradation, illegal hunting, offshore oil and gas exploration and interactions with fisheries.
#6 Staghorn and Elkhorn Coral
Staghorn and Elkhorn corals face the many threats that are impacting coral reefs globally. The principal threat to corals is the rise in sea temperature associated with global climate change. This leads to coral bleaching, where the symbiotic algae are expelled, leaving the corals weak and vulnerable to an increasing variety of harmful diseases.
#7 Reef Manta Ray
Although historically hunted for their meat, skins and liver oil, manta rays have more recently become highly valued for their gill rakers, which are used in the Chinese medicine trade. In addition, many manta rays are taken as bycatch in other fisheries or become entangled in fishing lines and nets.
#8 Monk Seal
The biggest threats to Hawaiian monk seals are entanglement, food limitation, disease, shark bites, and climate change. The current population of Monk Seals is about 1100 animals.
#9 Hector’s Dolphin
Hector’s dolphins are the smallest and rarest marine dolphins in the world. Becoming tangled in recreational and commercial gill and trawl nets is the biggest threat they face. Other threats include being struck by boats, pollution in their habitat, coastal development and seabed mining.
#10 European Eel
The population of the European eel is threatened at present, and eel stocks have declined in recent years. However, there is currently very little scientific knowledge of this species, which would aid its management. The threats facing the species are unknown; however, pollution, overfishing, habitat degradation, parasite infection and changes in climate have all been forwarded as potential causes of the decline.
Wolverines are highly sensitive to anything that upsets their environment. Extensive logging and all the man-made roads have cut into their habitat and cut them off from an extensive portion of their home range.
#12 Tasmanian Devil
The key threat to the survival of Tasmanian devils in the wild is Devil Facial Tumour Disease (DFTD). Tasmanian devils are thought to be less susceptible to the threat of habitat loss than many marsupial carnivores because they are highly mobile and can happily exist in a variety of vegetations.
#13 Philippine Eagle
Philippine eagles are threatened primarily by deforestation through logging and expanding agriculture. Mining, pollution, exposure to pesticides that affect breeding, and poaching are also major threats.
#14 Philippine Eagle Owl
Philippine eagle owl’s population is small, fragmented, and undergoing a rapid decline due to extensive lowland deforestation throughout its range and possibly hunting.
#15 New Caledonian Owlet-nightjar
Known only from two specimens, one sighting in the 1990s and only three other reports, this very poorly known species is classified as Critically Endangered on the basis of a tiny known population which is presumed to be undergoing a continuing decline.
Hunted for their fur, particularly from the 1960s to the 1980s, the Ocelot nearly became extinct in the wild along with the fact that they were also captured and kept as exotic pets.
#17 Giant Ibis
Continuing deforestation and wetland drainage for agriculture has led to widespread habitat loss for the giant ibis, although much suitable but unoccupied habitat still remains, suggesting that hunting and human disturbance may be the most serious threats to the giant ibis.
#18 Bengal Florican
The most significant threat to the Bengal florican is the loss and alteration of its grassland habitat.
#19 Bald Eagle
Habitat destruction and degradation, illegal shooting, and the contamination of its food source are the main threats to the Bald Eagle populations.
The main threats to the Kagu are introduced species such as Rusa deer, cats, dogs, and rats, and habitat destruction for logging and mining activities.
The biggest threat to the Umbrellabird is humans, who clear their native lowland forests, generally for agriculture. Although all three species are being severely affected by habitat loss, the Long-Wattled Umbrellabird is thought to be most under threat as it lives in only a handful of very specific areas.
The Uakari’s biggest threat are humans as they have been hunted for food by the native people through much of their natural range. The rainforest habitat of the Uakari is also under threat due to high levels of logging for the timber industry throughout the Amazon Basin.
#23 Royal Penguin
The royal penguin has been listed as a vulnerable species as populations were seriously affected by over hunting at the beginning of the 20th century. This species is now protected so can no longer be poached for it’s oil.
Since the introduction of domesticated predators such as cats and dogs to the Quokka’s habitat, their population numbers have dropped considerably. They are also now restricted to small pockets of their natural habitat on mainland Australia due to loss of habitat to growing Human settlements.
Porpoise populations have rapidly declined as they are often caught and drowned in gillnets used by illegal fishing operations.
#26 Mother in law’s cushion
This popular house plant is critically endangered in the wild. It is native to Mexico, in the states of Queretaro, Zacatecas and Hidalgo. Its population was severely reduced by construction of the Zimapan Dam and reservoir in Hidalgo, and also by illegal collecting for the horticultural trade.
Currently all lemurs are endangered species, due mainly to habitat destruction and hunting.
Habitat loss and overhunting have these rare cats on the run and listed as threatened or endangered nearly everywhere they call home.
#29 Capa Rose
The capa rose used grow all over the island of Puerto Rico; today, however, it’s habitat is considerably smaller. Like many endangered species, deforestation, agriculture and forest service management are all contributing to its decline. Hurricanes are also a threat to the capa rose.
Antelope populations have suffered from habitat degradation, poaching and disturbance. Another main cause of theantelope’s decline is the overgrazing of its pastures, general habitat degradation and construction of roads and canals.
The biggest threat to the remaining Zebra populations is the increasing encroachment on their natural habitats by people, with the loss of their open plains to grazing for livestock and to clear land for agriculture.
#32 Polar Bear
Polar bears have been hunted by humans since their arrival in the Arctic Ocean in the 1600s until the mid 1970s when international hunting bans fell into place. Along with the receding ice fields that are crucial to the survival of the Polar Bear caused by climate change, they are also heavily affected by drilling for oil and gas, increased shipping activity and rising levels of industrial chemicals that pollute the water. Some experts claim that the Polar Bear could be extinct from the wild in the next 30 years.
#33 Komodo Dragon
Humans have hunted the Komodo Dragons and encroached on their native habitats with their growing settlements and forest clearance for both timber and agriculture. Komodo Dragons are also threatened by volcanic activity on these geologically active islands which can cause declines in their prey species, in turn affecting the local Komodo Dragon populations. Although once widespread on numerous Indonesian islands that they are now confined to just a few with between 3,000 and 5,000 individuals thought to be left roaming the rich, volcanic forests.
#34 Giant Panda Bear
Giant pandas are hunted almost to extinction in some areas, for their unique fur. Although harsh punishments for poaching have now slowed hunting down, Giant Pandas are under extreme threat from habitat loss in the form of deforestation for timber and land clearance for agriculture.
#35 Dwarf Crocodiles
The biggest threat to Dwarf Crocodiles is habitat destruction for timber and to use the land for agriculture including creating large plantations of oil palms. Dwarf Crocodiles are also hunted by local people in certain areas for food, with their tough skins then being used in the making of certain local products.
#36 Clouded Leopard
Clouded Leopards are hunted for meat and their beautiful pelts, which is a particular problem in certain areas. They are also severely threatened by habitat loss as vast areas of their natural forest habitats are being deforested either to log the tropical timbers or to clear land for agriculture including the planting of oil palm plantations.
The biggest threat to Cheetahs is humans, who have not only taken vast areas of its natural habitat for themselves, but have also turned large regions of land into National Parks. Although these areas seem to be showing increases in both Lion and Hyena populations, Cheetah numbers are much lower as there is more competition for food with the increasing numbers of these other large predators.
Due to deforestation and therefore habitat loss and the introduction of predators to the cassowary’s native islands, all three cassowary species are at risk in the wild and are classified as vulnerable animals.
The Binturong has been caught for their meat, captured and sold into the pet trade, subjected to vast habitat loss, and is also trapped and caught to be sold into the Chinese medicine market, where a number of their body parts are used in traditional remedies.
#40 African Civet
The African civet is exploited for its perianal secretion, used as a fixative for perfume. Even though synthetic alternatives have been available for over 60 years, it remains an important export commodity in several countries.
#41 Sea Turtle
Today, all of the 7 different species of sea turtle are under threat from extinction. The decline in the world’s sea turtle population is thought to be mainly due to the sea turtles being caught accidentally by large fishing boats and due to the fact that humans will often take the eggs of the sea turtle to eat as a delicacy. Numerous conservation projects are underway all over the world in order to try to protect and preserve the sea turtle populations that remain.
#42 Sea Otter
Sea otters suffer from disease from land-based origins, habitat loss, lack of food, and the ongoing threat of pollution from coastal oil spills. They were extensively hunted for their fur in the 18th century which meant that sea otter populations took a devastating plunge and sea otters became rarer and rarer. There are estimated to be less than 2,000 sea otter individuals left in the wild today.
The wombat is considered to be an endangered species of animal. Wombat numbers have been decreasing rapidly due to habitat loss and hunting by humans who believe the wombat and it’s network of underground tunnels to be an agricultural pest.
#44 Spectacled Bear
The spectacled bear population is thought to be severely under threat and has been decreasing rapidly over recent years. This is because local farmers believe that the spectacled bear kills livestock, the natural habitat of the spectacled bear is ever decreasing, and the gall bladder of the spectacled bear is believed to have medicinal properties in Oriental medicine so the spectacled bear is always under threat from International poaches as well as native poachers.
#45 Pygmy Three Toed Sloth
The most serious threat to the pygmy three-toed sloth is the destruction of mangroves in which they live.
Wildebeest are considered “keystone species” by some scientists. That means the animals have a large impact on the ecosystems in which they live. Growing human population reduce and fragment the wildebeest’s habitat. Poaching wildebeest for food is becoming more common. Livestock farms are further encroaching on wildebeest habitat and the wild animals and livestock are not always compatible in the eyes of people.
All four species of tapir are considered to be endangered. This is mainly due to do deforestation and habitat loss, and over hunting of tapirs by humans. Humans have hunted tapirs for both their meat and their leathery skin.
The seahorse is a highly endangered animal mainly due to habitat loss and over-hunting. The seahorse is a popular ingredient in eastern medicine, and hundreds to thousands of seahorse are harvested every year for this purpose.
Tarsier populations are at a greater risk from people than anything else, primarily in the form of the degradation and fragmentation of their habitats. Forest clearance throughout much of their natural range for agriculture (such as palm oil and plantations), mining and land clearance for livestock grazing has led to drastic declines in their population numbers. They are also often captured for the exotic pet trade but many die within a matter of days due to the lack of live food available or suitable sleeping sites.
#50 Lappet-faced vulture
The small and declining population of lappet-faced vultures is suffering from a variety of threats across its range, but owes its demise particularly to poisoning and persecution. Widespread accidental poisoning has occurred through these vultures feeding on bait treated with strychnine and other poisons that are intended for mammalian predators, left out by farmers in order to protect their livestock. However, the lappet-faced vulture has also often been mistakenly accused of preying on livestock itself, and is consequently persecuted by farmers.
#51 River Dolphin
There are only four species of river dolphin still existing in the tropical Southern Hemisphere. River dolphins are threatened by unintentional killing through entanglement in fishing gear; directed harvest for dolphin oil, which is used as a fish attractant and for medicinal purposes; water development projects; industrial waste and pesticides; municipal sewage discharge and noise from vessel traffic; and over exploitation of prey, mainly due to the widespread use of non-selective fishing gear.
#52 Red Panda
The biggest threat to the Red Panda is people who have affected this species mainly through deforestation of their incredibly unique habitats. Due to Human encroachment, illegal hunting and poaching there have been drastic declines in the Red Panda population numbers with these populations also being pushed into more separate, isolated areas.
#53 Pygmy Hippopotamus
The biggest threat to the Pygmy Hippopotamus populations is people, that have hunted them for their meat and have destroyed vast areas of their unique forest habitats.
#54 Orbea Paradoxa
These unusual flowers were nearly extinct after the construction of a dam in their native South Africa. Luckily, however, the National Botanical Institute of South Africa was able to rescue a number of specimens.
The Numbat, also called the banded anteater, is a small endangered marsupial animal native to parts of Australia. The Numbat is under threat from habitat loss and introduced predators like foxes and feral cats.
#56 Jackson’s Mongoose
Jackson’s mongoose occurs in isolated populations and appears to be rare. Given its dependence on forest habitat, its main threat is likely to be ongoing forest loss.
Fewer than 500 ko’oloa’ula plants remain in the dry forests of Hawaii, making it one of the state’s most endangered plants. The rarity of this plant can be attributed to the alteration of its habitat for agricultural and urban development, overgrazing by livestock and feral animals, and competition from invasive weeds.
#58 Grizzly Bear
The greatest threat facing grizzly bear populations today are deaths caused by humans. Grizzly bears require large amounts of secure habitat, but in today’s reality, grizzly bears must routinely navigate roads, subdivisions, livestock operations and energy development.
#59 Giant Quiver Tree
Quiver Tree is one of the rarest plants in the world. The slow growth rate and relative rarity of the plant make it a particularly expensive specimen. The Giant Quiver is severely threatened by habitat loss.
#60 Asian Elephant
The Asian elephant is considered to be in immediate danger of becoming extinct due to the fact that Asian elephant populations have been declining at a critical rate. Asian elephants are thought to be suffering primarily due to habitat loss in the form of deforestation and hunting for their ivory tusks by human poachers.
Like several other creatures, the kakapo has been extirpated throughout most of its range due to habitat destruction and predation. Its slow reproduction rate and elaborate mating system, which probably served as a useful natural population control when there were no predators, have only sped its demise.
Habitat loss and destruction are the hummingbird’s main threats. Additionally, climate change affects the hummingbird’s migratory patterns, causing different species to be spotted in locations well outside their normal range, where it may be harder for them to find food.
#63 Honey Bee
Honey bees are vital to the survival of plants which are in turn vital to the survival of humans. Bees and other insect pollinators are beset by the same environmental challenges as other species, including habitat loss, degradation, and fragmentation; non-native species and diseases; pollution, including pesticides; and climate change.
#64 Galapagos Tortoise
The greatest threat to the survival of the Galapagos giant tortoise comes from introduced species. Feral dogs, cats and rats predate juvenile tortoises before their carapace has fully developed, while goats and cattle compete with the Galapagos giant tortoise for vegetation
The greatest long-term threat to manatees involves the loss of warm-water habitat that manatees need to survive. Human interference can cause them to alter their breeding, feeding, sheltering and other natural behaviors, and puts them in harm’s way.
There are at least 17 species of macaws, and several are endangered. The declining macaw populations is due to the fact that the macaw’s natural rainforest habitat is being destroyed due to deforestation. Macaws have recently become very popular as pets, and there is a flourishing black market for some of the rarer breeds of macaw.
#67 Galapagos Penguin
The main threat to the Galapagos Penguin is the increasing frequency of ENSO events, which reduce the strength of the cool currents this species needs to survive and causes fluctuations in its prey. Other threats include global climate change, accidental drowning in fisheries, oil spills, predation by introduced feral cats, and avian malaria
One of the largest threats to Madagascar’s Indri populations is habitat loss, as hundreds acres of natural jungle are being cleared every day.
#69 Golden Lion Tamarin
The golden lion tamarin is an endangered species, a sad side effect of drastic deforestation within the golden lion tamarin’s environment. It is thought that only 2% of the golden lion tamarin’s forest habitat is still standing meaning that golden lion tamarin troops are being forced closer together.
#70 Western Prairie fringed orchid
The Western Prairie fringed orchid is a beautiful plant with its fate tied to that of its habitat, which has been reduced to less than two percent of its former vast range.
The Rafflesia is a sensitive life form. Main threats include illegal collection, high mortality level, habitat specialisation and habitat destruction
The global wild gharial population is estimated at fewer than 235 individuals, which are threatened by loss of riverine habitat, depletion of fish resources, and entanglement in fishing nets.
#73 Georgia Aster
Threats to the survival of the species include elimination of habitat disturbance such as fire. Other threats include road construction and herbicide application.
Humans pose the biggest threat to the Fossa as they have not only hunted them in fear of their livestock but have also completely decimated 90% of the Fossa’s once vast natural range. Deforestation for both the logging of the rare tropical timber and also to clear land for agriculture has led to enormous declines in the wild population numbers.
#75 Fin Whale
Hunted by commercial whalers until the last century for oil, meat, and baleen, fin whales in the North Atlantic are listed as endangered. Like other large whales, fin whales are threatened by environmental change including habitat loss, toxics and climate change. Commercial whaling remains a threat for fin whales.
Main threats to the species include ongoing habitat loss, depletion of prey base, persecution and possibly disease transfer from domestic and feral dogs.
This species has been threatened for years by human activities, including poaching, the pet trade, hunting, grazing by cattle and goats, mining, and firewood extraction. Despite current protection measures, populations are continuing to decline. Major threats include mining near colonies.
#78 Butterfly Fish
The butterfly fish is considered to be an endangered animal. Main threats include water pollution and habitat loss. The destruction of coral reefs occurs mainly from boats, and without their coral habitat, the butterfly fish find it difficult to survive as they have less food and are also more exposed to predators.
#79 Blue Whale
The blue whale is the largest animal ever known to have existed. Like other large whales, blue whales are threatened by chemical and sound pollution, habitat loss, overfishing of krill, ship strikes and becoming entangled in fishing gear.
#80 Bengal Tiger
Considered to be an endangered species, despite being the most common of all the tiger species. Main threats include habitat loss caused by deforestation, and hunting by human poachers. There are thought to be around 2,000 Bengal tigers left in the wild.
#81 Bactrian Camel
Classified as Critically Endangered, the bactrian camel continues to be threatened by hunting, habitat loss, and competition for resources with introduced livestock.
#82 Aye Aye
Humans are the biggest threat to the endangered Aye Aye. Regarded as an evil omen in many areas, the Aye Aye is killed upon sight. If not feared in this way, the Aye Aye is hunted as bushmeat. The biggest threat however is habitat loss due to deforestation and growing Human settlements.
Considered to be a critically endangered species, the main threat to the Axolotl are increasing pollution levels and capture for medicinal purposes and the international pet trade.
#84 Asiatic Black Bear
The endangered Asiatic Black Bear is severely affected by the loss of their natural habitats to deforestation for agriculture or increase the size of growing human settlements. They are also severely threatened by the hunting of them for their body parts that are highly prized in traditional medicines.
#85 Giant Armadillo
The endangered giant armadillos are frequently captured for trade on the black market, and invariably die during transportation or in captivity. Other threats include habitat loss from deforestation.
Commercial fishing practices are considered the greatest threat to the survival of many albatross species. Other threats include loss of habitat, introduced predators, eating or becoming tangled up in plastic, oil spills and climate change.
#87 African Wild Dog
One of the biggest threats to the African Wild Dog are farmers that hunt and kill the animal in fear that they are preying on their livestock. Other threats include destruction of their natural habitat.
Seven out of the eleven known bandicoot species are considered to be either critically endangered or extinct. Main threats include the displacement of severely fragmented populations due to housing, roads and other forms of urban development, making them vulnerable to the threats of predators and motor vehicles.
#89 African Penguin
These small animals are severely affected by Human activity in their native regions such as the exploitation of their eggs for food. They are also severely affected by the disruption of their natural habitats.
#90 Black Rhino
Black rhinos are Critically Endangered because of rising demand for rhino horn, which has driven poaching to record levels.
#91 Bornean Orangutan
The biggest threat to the Bornean Orangutan is habitat loss in the form of deforestation for logging or to clear land for farming and agriculture, primarily to make way for palm oil plantations. Infants are also captured for the exotic pet trade.
Key threats to the Markhor’s range are intensified local resource use, poaching, and large-scale development. According to the IUCN, the world’s population of markhor is down to around 2,500 adults. In the northern Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir the number uncomfortably sits near 400.
#93 Cottontop Tamarin
Considered to be critically endangered, the main reason for the severe decline in the cottontop tamarin population is that they have lost more than 75% of their natural habitat to deforestation.
#94 Cross river Gorilla
Critically endangered species with an estimated wild population of just 280 individuals. Habitat loss and hunting by humans for their meat, has led to the cross river gorilla now being considered one of the 25 most endangered animals on the surface of the planet.
#95 Eastern Gorilla
Considered to be critically endangered species, populations have suffered due to habitat loss and illegal poaching. There are estimates of around 5,000 eastern lowland gorillas, and an even fewer 700 mountain gorilla individuals left in the wild.
#96 Javan Rhino
The Javan rhinoceros has been poached for it’s horns to the extent that it is on the brink of extinction. Hunting of the Javan rhinoceros along with habitat loss have led to there being only a handful of Javan rhinoceros individuals left in the jungles of south-east Asia today.
#97 Monte Iberia Eleuth
Considered to be critically endangered, the Monte Iberia Eleuth is an incredibly sensitive animal that is easily affected by changes to it’s environment including pollution and deforestation.
#98 Radiated Tortoise
Humans are the biggest threat to the critically endangered Radiated Tortoise both through habitat destruction and exploitation for consumption and capture for the exotic pet trade.
#99 Red Wolf
Regarded as the 10th most endangered animal species in the world, their population is thought to be just over 100 red wolf individuals. Main threats include habitat loss due to human development, negative attitudes that hinder restoration, severe weather, deaths by motor vehicles, and illegal killings.
The biggest threat to the Saola is hunting for their horns which are a prized trophy amongst locals. Other threats include habitat loss due to deforestation and growing Human settlements.
Description text for all images listed have been collected from various internet sources including a-z-animals.com, wikipedia and arkive.org